Chikkamagaluru district was called Kadur district till 1947. It is situated roughly in the south-western part of Karnataka state. A large area of this district is ‘malnad’, i.e., a hilly region with of forest & heavy rainfall. The district takes its name from the headquarters town of Chikkamagaluru which literally means younger daughter’s town-Chikka+Magala+Ooru-(in Kannada). It is said to have been given as a dowry to the younger daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakrepatna. Another part of the town bestowed on the elder daughter is known as Hiremagalur. The district is situated between 12o 54’ 42” and 13o 53’ 53” north latitude and between 75o 04’ 46” and 76o 21’ 50” east longitude. Its greatest length from east to west is about 138.4 kilometers and from north to south 88.5 kilometers. General boundaries are East-Tumkur district, South-Hassan district, West-Western Ghats which separates it from Dakshina Kannada (South Canara), North-East: Chitradurga district, North-Shivamogga district.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chikkamagaluru comes under three agro climatic-zones of Karnataka viz., central dry zone (parts of Kadur taluk), southern transition zone (parts of Tarikere taluk) and hill zone consisting of five taluks viz., Mudigere, Sringeri, Koppa, N.R.Pura and Chikmagalur. It lies on the summits of eastern and western slopes of the Western Ghats. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chikmagalur which was started during 1987. The total geographical area of the district is 7201 sq. kms. It is spread over 7 taluks, 34 hoblies and 227 gram panchyats. The district has 72.20 lakhs hectares of cultivable area mainly dependent on rainfall. The annual rainfall is 1762 mm, and mostly it is bimodal in nature spread over for six months from June to November. The maximum and minimum temperature prevailing during monsoon period is 27o C and 17o C, during winter 24 o C and 13o C and 30o C and 21o C during summer, respectively. The district is having three major soil types viz., red sandy loam, clay loam and medium black soils. The soil pH ranges from 4.3 to 8.5 (acidic to alkaline). The major crops grown in the district are cardamom, coffee, pepper, arecanut, coconut, banana, mango, paddy, ragi, groundnut, sunflower, cotton, maize, sugarcane, tomato, chilli, beans, etc. The important cropping systems are coffee + cardamom + pepper, areca + banana, areca + cocoa + cardamom + pepper, paddy – soybean – vegetables. Krishi Vigyan Kendra will take up front line demonstration on improved technologies suited for all the seven taluks of the district to increase the production, area and productivity of farming. Kendra will also organize need based training for farmers, farm women, unemployed rural youth and extension functionaries to train them technically on improved production practices and to build up entrepreneurship behavior. We also have an instructional teaching farm for the transfer of technology. This institute will emphasis the suitable agricultural technologies in specific to the location.
It was at Baba-Budan Giri that the first ever coffee in the country was grown way back in 1670 A.D. Enterprising Europeans pioneered large scale coffee plantations in the district more than 150 years back and to this day the sylvan slopes are studded with coffee plantations. A walk among the coffee plants, especially during the flowering season (March-April) when the air is full of the heady fragrance of coffee blossoms, is an experience to cherish.
Sustainable comprehensive rural development through strategic interventions in enhancing agriculture production and maximizing profit with improved agricultural technology and practices.
To develop an advanced management system in preparing rural people for maximizing agricultural productivity and profit, skill oriented entrepreneurship, self sustaining social and economic network and promoting progressive programmes towards enriched farm families.
1. Conducting on-farm testing to identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems
2. Organizing frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of various crops and enterprises on the farmers’ field.
3. Organizing need based training for farmers to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies related to technology assessment, refinement and demonstration and training of extension personnel to orient them in the frontier areas of technology development.
4. Creating awareness about improved agricultural technologies among various clienteles through an appropriate extension programmes
5. Production of quality seeds, planting materials, livestock breeds, animal products, bio-products etc., as per the demand and supply the same to different clienteles.
6. Work as resource and knowledge centre of agricultural technology to support the initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors for improving the agricultural economy of the district.